I am currently the Principal Investigator of the project entitled Post-conflict political parties: Party formation, organisation and institutionalisation in the context of peace building and democratisation.
This project is co-funded by the European Union’ s Seventh Framework Programme under Marie Curie grant agreement no. 608695 881 and the Research Council of Norway through the FRIPRO Mobility Grant, project no. 240110 (£380 000).
Since the end of the Cold War, most civil war endings have been premised upon the construction of party-based electoral politics. A majority of peace settlements also retain provisions for armed groups to transform into political parties. Despite this, we still know very little about the role that political parties – and especially rebel group successor parties – play in shaping post-war political trajectories. The project addresses two main questions:
- How do rebel group successor parties impact on long-term conflict resolution and peacebuilding in the aftermath of civil war?
- To what extent do post rebel successor parties aggregate, channel and express political grievances?
The project aims to provide answers to these questions through cross-regional comparisons of parties in the Balkans (Bosnia Herzegovina and Kosovo) and in Asia (Sri Lanka, East Timor and Indonesia/Aceh). Three themes guide the study: (1) The transformative effects of war on parties including organisational legacies of war; (2) The effects of institutional framework aimed to regulate party behaviour, such as party laws, the use of quotas to enhance women’s representation and institutional frameworks aimed to break down wartime polarisation; and (3) intra-party governance dynamics that also impact on parties’ ability to formulate policy and governance more generally.
These three themes serve to bridge two literatures that rarely speak to each other; the literatures on political parties and on peace building/conflict resolution.
Main outputs (to date January 2019)
Politics After War Research Network: To continue building the foundation for research on rebel group transformation, political parties, political mobilisation in post-civil war contexts, I have founded the Politics After War Research Network with additional support from SPIRE (University of Bergen). For network activities look here and follow us on twitter @PAWscholars.
- Section: ECPR General Conference 2019 Political Dynamics After Civil War Wrocław on September 4-7, 2019. The section includes a series of panels and a roundtable which aims to bring party scholars and conflict scholars in closer conversation with each other.
- Workshop: Rebel to party transformation and beyond, Co-organised with Folke Bernadotte Academy, Stockholm April 25-26. The two-day workshop funded by Folke Bernadotte Academy Working Group focused on bringing practitioners and academics in closer conversation with each other on topic of rebel group political transformation.
- The conference panel “Comparative lessons of rebel conversion and post-war political engagement by former armed groups” was part of the Conflict Research Society’s Annual Conference, Birmingham Sept. 17-18, 2018. The panel, which consisted of four papers/presentations, was focused on engaging practitioner perspectives in engaging with rebel group successor parties and organisations.
- The conference Rebel Group Inclusion and the Effects on Democracy was held at Jesus College on April 18-20, 2018. Take a look here for the full programme of the conference. The outcome of the conference will be a co-edited book (with John Ishiyama), with planned publication in 2019.
- The workshop Transforming state visions: Ideology and ideas in armed groups turned political parties September 28-29, 2017, brought together authors to the forthcoming special issue in Government and Opposition.
- The workshop Former armed groups and the politics of state building after war was held on January 9, 2017 at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. This workshop, made possible by additional funding from the Philomathia Foundation, brought together a range of excellent speakers to discuss how former armed groups turned rulers or opposition parties shape post-war state building. Have a look here for the whole programme.
The main publication outputs from this project is a series of journal articles, one co-edited special issue in Government and Opposition (with Devon Curtis), a forthcoming co-edited book (with John Ishiyama) as well as a research monograph, which is in progress (estimated completion August 2019).
Talks/presentations by the PI
- Party system development and democratic consolidation in civil war affected countries, the ECPR General Conference, Sept. 4-7. 2019
- Roundtable participation: ROUNDTABLE: Understanding the Transformation of Rebel Groups to Parties: Insights from Political Party Scholarship
- Former rebel groups’ electoral participation after war, BISA Annual Conference London, June 12-14 2019
- Determinants for changing self-determination ambitions after civil war, ISA Conference Belgrade June 17-20 2019
- Genocide rhetoric and party politics, the 14th International Association for Genocide Scholars’ bi-annual conference, Phnom Penh, July 14-19 2019
- Relational peace at the level of political parties: The nature and premise for inter-ethnic cross-party collaborations in post-war Bosnia and Sri Lanka, Varieties of Peace Workshop, Uppsala May 7-8 2019.
- Rebel political victories and democratisation: A comparison of East Timor, Kosovo and South Sudan, FBA-PAW Workshop, Stockholm April 25-26 2019
- “A new post-war rhetoric by former armed groups in politics? The UN Genocide Convention at Seventy: The Politics of Mass Atrocity Prevention” the Norwegian Centre for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities, Oslo Sept. 6–7, 2018.
- Former rebel parties and peacebuilding: Balancing short-term goals and long-term implications, Paper presented at the Conflict Research Society’s Annual Conference, Birmingham Sept. 17-18, 2018.
- Balancing Patronage and Popular democracy, paper presented at the Politics After War Research Network Conference, Jesus College, Cambridge April 18-20, 2018.
- 4thAnnual Philomathia Symposium: Where Does Democracy Reside? St Cathrine’s College, University of Cambridge: Title: Can State-Building Ever be Post-Conflict?, 2017.
- Political parties as Conflict Managers. Paper presented at Conflict Research Society’s Annual meeting, Oxford September 18-19, 2017
- Ideological moderation on the issue of secession: A cross-regional comparison of ethno-nationalist parties, the Association for the study of nationalism (ASN) Annual Convention, New York, May 4-6, 2017.
- From ethnic to civic nationalism? A comparative study of formerly armed ethno-nationalist movements’ adaptation to multi-party democracy, the Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism (ASEN), London School of Economics, March 27-28, 2017.
- Peace politics and the road ahead: Ideological moderation and political reframing by former secessionist movements, paper presented at the Rebels in power workshop– Former armed groups and the politics of state-building after war, Emmanuel College, January 9, 2017.
- Intra-organizational change and political moderation in ethnic parties: Comparison of post-war parties in Bosnia Herzegovina’, paper presented at ECPR General Conference, Prague Sept. 7-10, 2016.